中美貿易戰後 柬埔寨邊境經濟特區夯

中美貿易戰後 柬埔寨邊境經濟特區夯

中美貿易戰後,大陸工廠大舉遷移,其中受益最多的就是泰國和越南,目前該二國的工業土地及勞工均處短缺的狀況,柬埔寨政府有鑒於此,在泰國邊境波比(Poipet)成立新的經濟特區,而原本在越南邊境(柴楨省Svay Rieng)由台灣公司經營的曼哈頓經濟特區詢問度也有增高趨勢。

 

柬埔寨自紅高棉結束後,百廢待舉,遍體麟傷,洪森政府為能提振經濟動能,自1993年開始參照各國經濟特區作法,成立了柬埔寨經濟特區委員會(Cambodia Special Economic Zone Board),該委員會隸屬於柬埔寨發展會(Council for the Development of Cambodia,簡稱CDC),希望可以透過工業的發展,來改善柬埔寨人民生活,增加政府收入。

 

有別於他國的經濟特區,柬埔寨的經濟特區均屬私人公司,目前共有43家獲得執照,惟其中僅有23家通過施行細則(Sub-decree)核准營運,截至2019年共有490家工廠投入經濟特區,集中在14個經濟特區,規模及家數以西港(Sihanoukville)附近的特區成長最快及最大。惟早於經濟特區的設立,柬埔寨政府為鼓勵外資投入設廠,只要通過柬埔寨發展會(CDC)的審核,符合該國發展項目QIP(Qualified Investment Project),均可獲得各項免稅優惠,故在柬埔寨關稅優惠並不是投資者進駐經濟特區的主要考量的因素,主要著眼點在於便利的通關和政府單一窗口服務,底下為柬埔寨所有經濟特區資料。

 

以柬埔寨上市公司金邊經濟特區為例(:柬埔寨僅有6家上市公司),該特區有360公頃土地,目前僅剩下10公頃可用地,根據該特區執行長Uematsu(日本人)表示,該經濟特區目前共有108家廠商進駐,其中最大宗為日商(48)、其次為陸商(20)、台商(10),主要生產汽車零配件、塑膠製品、食品飲料、飾品加工等產業,總共雇用21千人員工,2019年出口額為52千萬美元。

 

 

No

Name

Province

District

Commune

Landarea(h)

Capital

Developer

1

Phnom Penh SEZ

Phnom Penh

Pur SenChey

Kantaok;Phleung Chheh Roteh;Boeng Thum

350.001

$68 million

Ms. Lim Chhiv Ho

2

Poi Pet O'Neang SEZ

Banteay Meanchey

O'Chhrov

Nimitt; Poipet

467

$15 million

Mrs. Van Ny

3

Manhattan (Svay Reing) SEZ

Svay Rieng

Chantrea

Bavet

157

$15 million

Mr. Clement Yang (Taiwan)

4

Tai Seng Bavet SEZ

Svay Rieng

Chantrea

Bavet

99

$37 million

Mr. Ly Hong Shin

5

Sihanoukville Port SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Preah Sihanouk

Sangkat Mouy; Sangkat Bei

70

$34 million

PAS & JBIC Loan CP-P6

6

Svay Rieng GIGA Resource SEZ

Svay Rieng

Svay Teab

Kandieng Reay

126.9018

Not found

Not found

7

Cambodia-Sino Metallic Material SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Stung Hav

Keo Pos

55.0008

Not found

Not found

8

Stung Hav SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Stung Hav

O'Tres

192

$14 million

Ms. Lim Chhiv Ho

9

Sihanoukville SEZ 1

Preah Sihanouk

Stung Hav

O'Tres

178

$100 million

Oknha Lav Meng Khin

10

Doung Chhiv Phnom Den SEZ

Takeo

Kiri Vong

Phnum Den

79

$28 million

Oknha Doung Chhiv

11

Kampot SEZ

Kampot

Kampot

Koh Touch

145

$15 million

Oknha Vinh Huor

12

Goldfame Pak Shun SEZ

Kandal

S'ang

Setbo

80

$34,462,510

Mr. Chan Ji Kvong

13

Thary Kampong Cham SEZ

Kampong Cham

Memot

Dar

142.14

$69 million

Mr. Chhorn Thary

14

Neang Kok Koh Kong SEZ

Koh Kong

Mondol Seima

Pak Khlang

335.43

Not found

Okhna Ly Yong Phat

15

Sihanoukville SEZ 2

Preah Sihanouk

Prey Nob

Bet Trang; Ream

1,113.96

$320 million

Oknha Lav Meng Khin

16

Kiri Sakor Koh Kong SEZ

Koh Kong

Kiri Sakor

Prek Khsach;Phnhi Meas

2,200.65

$110,818,860

Okhna Ly Yong Phat

17

Dragon King Bavet SEZ

Svay Rieng

Bavet

Prey Angkunh

106.5

$40,488,000

Mrs. Ngov Mok

18

H.K.T S.E.Z

Preah Sihanouk

Prey Nob

Teuk Thla

345.2

$48,358,802

Neak Oknha Sy Kong Triv; Oknha Hann Khien; Oknha Vinh Huor; Mrs. Feng Ying; Mr. Shen Jian Ping; Mr. Lui Bin; Mr. Li Cheng Chun Richard

19

Try Pheap Ou Ya Dav SEZ

Ratanak Kiri

Ou Ya Dav

Pak Nhai

136

$44,994,360

Mr. Try Pheap

20

Hi-Park SEZ

Svay Rieng

Bavet

Chrak Mtes

263.13

$62,784,780

Very well Hong Kong Limited. Representative: Mr. Lin Mao-Fong

21

Shandong Sunshell Svay Rieng SEZ

Svay Rieng

Bavet

Prey Angkunh

96.14

$36,709,800

Mrs. Zhou Yong

22

Zhong Jian Jin Bian Jing Ji Te Qu SEZ

Kampong Chhnang

Kampong Tralach

Ta Ches

470.28

$90,706,000

Mr. Chan An Drew

23

Sanco Cambo SEZ

Banteay Meanchey

Poipet

Phsar Kandal

66.5024

$38,613,485

Mr. Chhour Vichet;Mr. Takahiro yamamoto

24

Sovannaphum SEZ

Kandal

Kien Svay

Samraong Thum

204.58

$55,792,000

Not found

25

Chhak Kampongsaom SEZ

Koh Kong

Sre Ambel

Boeung Preav;Chroy Svay

185.66

Not found

Not found

26

UBE Snoul SEZ

Kratie

Snoul

Pi Thnu

817.8

Not found

Not found

27

Tian Rui Agricultural Trade SEZ

Kampong Speu

Kong Pisey

Roka Koh

101.36

Not found

Not found

28

Poipet PP SEZ

Banteay Meanchey

Poipet

Phsar Kandal

53.390055

Not found

Ms. Lim Chhiv Ho

29

Intervia Automobile Industry Complex SEZ

Svay Rieng

Bavet

Chrak Mtes

111.2053

Not found

Lee Jaehoo

30

Sisit SEZ

Koh Kong

Sre Ambel

Chroy Svay

1725.2519

Not found

Not found

31

CAM MJ Agricultural Park SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Prey Nob

Cheung Kou

99.3082

Not found

Not found

32

Ultrapower Technology SEZ

Kampong Speu

Samraong Tong

Tang Krouch

67.3888

Not found

Not found

33

MDS Thmorda SEZ

Pursat

Veal Veaeng

Thma Da

2265

$30,392,000

Mr. Try Pheap

34

N.L.C SEZ

Svay Rieng

Svay Teab

Chrak Mtes

105

$13 million

Ms. Leang Vouch Chheng

35

D&M Bavet SEZ

Svay Rieng

Chantrea

Bavet

117.95

$52,266,830

Ms. Men Pheakdey;Ms. Chhay Noy;Miss. Dy Chendavy

36

Suoy Chheng SEZ

Koh Kong

Mondol Seima

Pak Khlang

100

$14 million

Mrs. Kao Souy Chheng

37

Oknha Mong SEZ

Koh Kong

Srae Ambel

Srae Ambel

100

$40,107,080

Oknha Mong Rithy

38

Kampong Saom SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Stung Hav

Ou Treh

255

$190 million

Okhna Kith Meng

39

P (SEZ) I C

Svay Rieng

Svay Teab

Chrak Mtes

107.55

$70 million

Mr.Chea Eav Meng; Mr.Gau Hieck Huor;Mrs.Yin Phanny; Mrs.Sim Moniroth;Mr.Ly Vireak

40

S.N.C SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Prey Nob

Bet Trang

150

$14 million

Oknha Kong Triv

41

KANDAL S.E.Z

Kandal

Khsach Kandal

Prek Ampil

105

$84,739,160

Mr. Lim Chong Soo

42

RATANA SEZ

Koh Kong

Sre Ambel

Chroy Svay

615.62

$172,866,660

Mrs. Heng Sok Meng

43

Cambodian Zhejiang Guoji SEZ

Preah Sihanouk

Prey Nob

Cheung Kou

Not found

Not found

Not found